Celestial Navigation Basics – Early Morning Sky

This morning I couldn’t sleep. I went out to the balcony and looked up. It was beautiful, the partially occluded Moon & Venus were perfectly visible. I checked the NavPac Identification of Stars & Planets, and there they were sitting next to one another at Az_moon=86deg & Az_venus=88deg.

Fig.1 Moon & Venus Toronto Aug15th_2020_0930UTC
Fig.2 NavPac Stars & Planets Toronto Aug15_2020_0930UTC

Please send your comments, questions and suggestions to:


#1. “Celestial Navigation Basics & Equipment”, Clark Telecommunications, 2019, ISBN 9780988049086

#2. – “NavPac”, HM Nautical Office

#3. – “Celestial Navigation Basics – Hs Sextant Altitude”

#4. – “Celestial Navigation Basics – Ha Apparent Altitude”

#5. – “Celestial Navigation Basics – Ho Observed Altitude”

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